Atomic Number 14.
Atomic Mass 28.0855
Family Group 14 (IVA) Carbon
Silicon is the second element in the 14th column of the period table. It is classified as a member of the metalloids. Silicon is the eighth most abundant element in the universe and the second most abundant in the Earth’s crust after oxygen. Silicon atoms have 14 electrons and 14 protons with 4 valence electrons in the outer shell. It infuses 28.0855% of the Earth’s crust.
Silicon forms part of quartz-Stone-Rocks-Glass-Sand-Mud-Emeralds- opals, agates, and amethysts.
When Silicon comes in contact with light such as torch light the electrons wobble and touch which produces electron voltage.
When Silicon comes into contact with Sunlight the electrons within the silicon wobble and touch each other which produces electron voltage. The brighter the light intensity the more furiously the electrons wobble. The faster the electrons wobble the greater the electricity production.
How was Silicon discovered?
French chemist Antoine Lavoisier was one of the first scientists to suggest that there may be a new element in the substance quartz in 1789. Later scientists continued to study quartz, but it was Swedish chemist Jons Jakob Berzelius who first isolated the element silicon and produced a sample in 1824.